Blood pressure: its rise, symptoms, causes, and methods of prevention and treatment.
Definition of hypertension.

High blood pressure is known by specialists unanimously that if the pressure rises to: 140/90 mm Hg and more, it is an indication of high blood pressure, and the development of blood pressure numbers is monitored within a week, and if the rise continues, the general practitioner is reviewed Pressure gauge.
Using an electronic device to measure the pressure on the circumference of the arm sitting or lying, after a 5-minute break at least, and to refrain from movement and speech.
The average normal blood pressure during the day should not exceed 135/85 mm Hg
In the event that the pressure is unstable between rising and falling, blood pressure is monitored periodically and preventive measures are taken before taking antihypertensive drugs.

Causes of high blood pressure.
It may be related to vasoconstriction and heart disease (a heart defect is confirmed upon questioning the patient, or a physical examination or an electrocardiogram, with the help of the opinion of a specialist cardiologist.
It may be due to high blood sugar, smoking, older age and sex.
It may be due to other causes such as: toxic substances or medicines such as: antidepressants and inflammation, corticosteroids, drugs for narrowing the nasal arteries, some contraceptives>
Prolonged shortness of breath during sleep, excessive salt intake, obesity, alcohol, some beverages and herbs: licorice, hemp etc.
Due to the effect of hyperglycemia on blood pressure, the level of creatinine / or protein in the blood is monitored during a period of one month, and in the event of kidney failure, it is necessary to adjust the dose of drugs to the appropriate rate, and to avoid drugs that affect the kidney.
The role of the specialist in treatment.
The specialist physician informs the patient of the risks associated with high blood pressure, and the benefits of taking antihypertensive therapy prescribed by the doctor based on the percentage of hypertension and its side effects, and develops a behavioral medical care plan with the patient, which enhances the patient’s compliance with the doctor’s recommendations, in order to control the stability of blood pressure, And to assess the patient’s commitment to taking the treatment, its effectiveness and side effects, if any, and to promote long-term health education for the patient, the importance of maintaining a moderate diet, healthy behavior, exercising in moderation, especially walking, and paying attention to the blood sugar level to avoid their presence together as much as possible.
Prepared by: DR. Sophian Akef.

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